Franz Joseph Haydn

Germany…lived 1732 to 1809…cheery personality, even with grumpy wife…Goulding ranks
him #5…major credit for developing string quartet, and the symphony…wrote the incredible
number of 104 symphonies (Beethoven wrote only 9!!!)…teacher of Mozart, who called him
“Papa…also instructor of Beethoven…though latter didn’t like his teaching…Napoleon ordered
his house protected when bombing Vienna, 1809.

                                   Works Featured on CD's

HaydnConcerto for Trumpet in E-flat Major…1796, written for Anton Weidinger,
inventor of the cornet.

HaydnString Quartet Number 77,  Second Movement: Emperor’s Hymn… 1797…
melody, present day German national anthem, formerly national anthem of Austria…from Croatian song.

HaydnSerenade Opus 3, Number 5…circa 1765…Definition: Serenade, a musical piece
played by lover beneath his lady’s window, or just outside…Definition: Opus from Latin,
opus
, meaning a “work”…way of keeping track of composer’s works.

Haydn94th Symphony, best known as Surprise Symphony, 1791…frequent changes
in speed; explosive changes in volume, done to keep audiences from nodding off to sleep...
variation of “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star”.

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